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Ray Optics: Refraction

Q- The drawing shows a glass slab (n = 1.4) with a rectangular cross section. A ray of light strikes the slab at an incident angle of θ1 = 45°, enters the slab, and travels to point P. This slab is surrounded by a fluid with a refractive index n. What is the maximum value of n such that total int…

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Electric Potential

Q- Ohmic heating raises the temperature of a tungsten filament to the point that electrons begin to "boil" off. A high voltage power supply establishes an accelerating potential difference of 900 V between the filament and a circular metal disk located 2.0cm away. The disk diameter is 1.0cm. Assumin…

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Newton's Laws Of Motion

Q- A body (weight 3000N) is supported by a bracket through a vertical cable. The bracket is composed of a horizontal bar and an inclined bar, both are rigidly fastened to the wall. Neglecting the weight of the bars and the cable, determine the magnitude of the reaction R1 exerted by the lower fixtur…

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Current Electricity: Superposition Method

Using superposition, find the voltage Vacross the resistor R2.

Solution:

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Rotation: Rotor and Shaft

Q- A mirror is to be meant to oscillate at 10 cycles per minute and turns 30 degrees either side of the center line. The radius of the rotor is r and the length of the shaft L (considerably large). At what distance d from the center of the mirror the shaft is to be pinned and what is the distance of…

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Heat: Vapor pressure

Q- A room is filled with saturated moist air at 300C and a total pressure of 100 kPa. If the mass of dry air in the room is 100 kg, what is the mass of water vapor in the room?

Solution:

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Poynting Vector: E and B Fields In EM Waves

Q- A radio transmitter on the Earth’s surface radiates a sinusoidal wave with an average total power of 50 kW. Assuming that the transmitter radiates equally in all directions above the ground calculate the amplitudes Emax and Bmax detected by a satellite positioned 100 km from the transmitter.

S…

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Gravitation

Q- A 500 kg satellite circles the earth (5.97*1024 kg) along an orbit of radius 6.7*106m. Find

(a) The force attracting the satellite toward the earth.

(b) the satellite’s centripetal acceleration.

(c) The speed of the satellite along its orbit.

Solution:

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Center Of Mass

Q- Three particles, each with a mass of 0.25 kg, are located at ( - 4.0 m, 0), (2.0 m, 0), and (0, 3.0 m) and are acted on by forces F1 = 3 N along negative y-direction, F2 = 5 N along positive y-direction and F3 = 4 N along x direction  respectively. Find  position of center of mass of the system a…

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DC Circuit With Capacitor and Inductor

Q- The circuit has reached the steady state DC condition.

(a) Find the current through the voltage source

(b) Find the energy stored in the capacitor.

(c) find the energy stored in the inductor.

Solution:

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Radioactivity

Q- The percentage of the different isotopes in natural potassium are 93.00% K39, 0.012% K40 and 6.88% K41. K40 is radioactive and decays by B-decay with a half-life of 1.29*109 years. Calculate the activity of 1 gram of natural potassium.

Solution:

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Fluids: Hydrodynamics

Q- A container full of air at atmospheric pressure is 3 feet below the surface in a large body of water; this container is 8 feet high by 3 feet square. A 16-inch ID valve is on the bottom of the container and a 2-inch valve is on the top. A 2-inch ID hose connects to this valve and extends 1 foot a…

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Head-on Collision

Q- A 1000 kg car traveling east at 25 mph gets rear-ended hit by a truck weighing 1500 kg also moving east. After collision the vehicles lock bumpers and continue moving east at 40 mph.

(a) What was the original speed of the truck

(b) How much kinetic energy of the system lost during this collisi…

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Ohm's Law: DC Circuits

Q- In the circuit given bellow (using Ohm’s Law) find 

(a) The potential difference across R1                                                              

(b) The current in R2

(c) The power dissipated in R3

Solution:

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Circular Motion

Q- A 63 g ball is whirled in a horizontal circle of radius 60 cm, on the end of a cord that makes an angle of 180 with the horizontal. Find

(a) The tension in the string. And

(b) The speed of the ball.

Solution:

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Electrostatics: Field Due To Charged Wires

Q- Two thin long parallel threads carry's uniform charge density λ and - λ. The distance between them is s. Find the magnitude of the electric field E at a point P located at a distance r (such that r >> s) and making an angle θ with the vector s.

Solution:

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Heat: Thermal expansion

Q- A circular steel plate of radius 0.10 m is cooled from 3500C to 200C. By what percentage does the plate’s area decrease?   (Coefficient of linear expansion of steel α = 1.2*10-5 /0C)

Solution:

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Mechanics: Conservation Of Energy

(On request - Manish)

Q- Two blocks are connected by a light cord passing over a frictionless pulley. Their masses are m1 = 3 kg and m2 = 2 kg and the ramp is frictionless. At position A the block m1 is sliding up at velocity 2.5 m/s. Find the speed of the block at position B.

Solution:

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Travelling Waves on Stretched String

Q- Figure below is the snapshot graph at t = 0 of two waves approaching each other at 1.0 m/s. Draw six snapshot graphs showing the string at 1 s intervals from t = 1s to t = 6s.

Solution:

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Thermodynamics: Critical Temperature and Volume

Q- A certain gas has the equation of state  

Here Vm is molar volume and a and b are constants.

Find a and b in terms of critical volume Vc and critical temperature Tc.

Solution:

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